Universal, Targeted and Specialist Services
Universal, targeted and specialist are terms applied to services available for children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND)
These are services which all families can expect to access without needing any extra SEND resources. Universal services are expected to make reasonable adjustments to accommodate children/young people with SEND.
These are services for children with additional needs over and above what is available to them through universal services. Often these services will be short-term and embedded into universal services.
Specialist services are those which families may require following individual assessment and referral by specialists. Typically, they will be long-term and for children with complex needs.